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【小技巧】学霸说,用这种方法记忆单词,效率高的不要不要的!
发表日期:2017年04月26日    来源:    【浏览字号: 】【关闭

 

 

怎样才能学好英语?

记住单词是基础。

怎样才能记住单词?

……

 

这样的对话,你是不是觉得十分耳熟?

 

无论是初中、高中、大学还是工作,词汇永远是英语学习首先需要解决的内功和基础,记好单词在英语学习过程中的作用不言而喻,但是到底如何才能迅速地记住大量单词?

 

这就说到了我们今天要给大家介绍的单词记忆法——词根记忆法!用词根记忆单词,保证你记单词效率高的不要不要的!

 

首先,用词根记忆单词有什么好处?

 

英语单词就像我们的汉字一样,多数都不是孤零零单独创造的,而是由多个零件组成,这些零件就包含单词的词根、词缀,就像汉字的偏旁部首一样。

 

所以通过对词根词缀的学习,我们可以了解单词的内部变化规律,更加系统地提高学习技巧。当形成体系之后,我们就可以把数以千记的词汇串联起来,就像一个塑料袋,可以把很多的词汇商品装进去。把单词从含义和形式的角度串联起来,从而使得记忆更加经济高效。

 

其次,常见常用的词根其实就那些!

 

其实常见的词根并不难,很多词根在你学习的初高中阶段的词汇就已经出现了,我们完全可以利用我们已学的词汇来帮助记忆词根词缀,进而拓展新的单词,这个问题就完全解决了。

 

以下给大家放出30个最常用最普遍的词根:

1. Psych — (G) Mind

Psychology (the study of the mind)

2. Phil — (G) Love

Cinephile (movie lover)

3. Struc — (L) Build

Structure (parts or pieces built into something complex)

4. Vac — (L) Empty

Vacuous (having an empty mind, not thinking)

5. Ver — (L) True

Veritable (real, true, authentic)

6. Scrib/Scrip — (L) Write

Prescription (a written note signed by a doctor which provides instructions for medicine or treatment)

7. Mega — (G) Great, large

Megaphone (a large device which makes your voice louder)

8. Mono — (G) Single

Monochromatic (having only one color)

9. Luc — (L) Light

Lucid (bright, clear)

10. Mal — (L) Bad

Malevolent (wanting to do bad or evil things)

11. Mar — (L) Sea

Marina (a port or harbor for boats and ships)

12. Manu/Mani — (L) Hand

Manicure (a treatment to make your hands look clean, neat and polished)

13. Min — (L) Small

Miniscule (very small in size)

14. Fort — (L) Strong

Fortitude (strength)

15. Mort — (L) Death

Mortician (someone who prepares dead bodies to be buried)

16. Nas/Nat — (L) Birth

Nascent (coming into existence, something just recently created)

17. Trans — (L) Across

Transatlantic (something which crosses the Atlantic Ocean)

18. Voc/Vos — (L) Voice

Vociferous (loud, someone who speaks loudly or talks a lot)

19. Aqua — (L) Water

Aquarium (a tank of water where fish are kept as pets)

20. Bene — (L) Good

Benevolent (wanting good things for people, generous, kind)

21. Chron — (G) Time

Chronological (organized by time of occurrence)

22. Bio — (G) Life

Biology (the study of living things)

23. Theo — (G) God

Theology (the study of religion)

24. Phone — (G) Sound

Telephone (a device used to talk with other people)

25. Omni — (L) All

Omniscient (knowing everything)

26. Sens/Sent — (L) Feel

Sentimental (emotional, attaching emotional value to things)

27. Terr — (L) Earth

Terrarium (a container for land animals kept as pets, often containing rocks, dirt or sand)

28. Vid/Vis — (L) See

Visible (able to be seen)

29. Auto — (G) Self

Automatic (happens on its own)

30. Poly — (G) Many

Polyglot (person who can speak many languages)

 

除了这些常见的词根,很多前缀、后缀的含义也都是固定的。

 

如,常见的前缀

1. ad — (L) to, attached to

2. amphi — (G) both, about, around

3. andro — (G) man, male

4. semi — (L) half

5. non — (L) not

6. pre — (L) before

7. inter — (L) between

8. anti — (G) against, opposed

9. co — (L) with, together

10. mono — (G) one, single, alone

 

常见的后缀:

1. able — (L) is, can be

2. act — (L) state, quality

3. phil/phile — (G) fear, fearing

4. chrome — (G) color

5. logy — (G) study of

6. ism — (G) act, practice or result of

7. some — (G) body

8. cidal/cide — (L) killer, a killing

9. meter — (G) a measurement

10. nomy — (G) systematized knowledge of

 

这种记单词的方法你get到了吗?

 

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